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SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS USING THE QUADRATIC FORMULA
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Solving Quadratic Equations

Using the square root property it is possible to solve any quadratic equation written in the form
( x + b )2 = c . The key to setting these problems into the correct form is to recognize that
(x + b)2 is a perfect square trinomial. To turn the equation given into one that can be solved using the square root property, the following must be done:


Given : ax2 + bx + c = 0

1.) If a ≠ 1 divide both sides by a.
2.) Rewrite the equation so that both terms containing variables are on one side of the equation and the constant is on the other.
3.) Take half of the coefficient of x and square it.
4.) Add the square to both sides.
5.) One side should now be a perfect square trinomial.
Write it as the square of a binomial.
6.) Use the square root property to complete the solution.
 

Example 1. Solve 2a2 – 4a – 5 = 0 by completing the square.

Solution
Step 1: Divide the equation by a

Step 2: Move the constant term to the right side of the equation

Step 3: Take half of the coefficient for x and square it

Step 4: Add the square to both sides of the equation

 

Example 1 (Continued):
Step 5: Factor the perfect square trinomial

Step 6: Take the square root of both sides

 

Example 2. Solve 9a2– 24a = -13 by completing the square.

Solution
Step 1: Divide the equation by a

Step 2: Move the constant term to the right side of the equation

Example 2 (Continued):

Step 3: Take half of the coefficient for x and square it

Step 4: Add the square to both sides of the equation

Step 5: Factor the perfect square trinomial

Step 6: Take the square root of both sides

Example 3. Solve 9x2 – 30x + 29 by completing the square.

Solution
Step 1: Divide the equation by a

Step 2: Move the constant term to the right side of the equation

Step 3: Take half of the coefficient for x and square it

Step 4: Add the square to both sides of the equation

Step 5: Factor the perfect square trinomial

Example 3 (Continued):
Step 6: Take the square root of both sides

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